The current coronavirus pandemic has shaken the whole world, but several groups are fighting to bring back even a small taste of normality. One such group is working towards instituting COVID-19 immunity passports, which are electronic documents showing whether an individual has recently been infected, had contact with infected persons, taken a test, or received a COVID vaccine. These documents could bring back the air-travel industry, but at what cost?
Immunity passports have been in the works since early this summer, but they recently resurfaced in global debates as the third wave of coronavirus cases hit this fall, and a number of vaccines began vying for emergency authorization. On December 2, the United Kingdom became the first nation to authorize the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine.
The virus has caused deep recessions around the globe, causing countless businesses to shut their doors indefinitely or permanently, in some cases. Governments are urgently seeking ways to improve local, state, and national economies, and some believe that instituting these digital COVID passports would allow for lightened restrictions, further stimulating economies.
Efficiency and Ethicality
Those in opposition to the passports believe that they are unethical, as the passports eliminate all privacy regarding the virus and an individual’s personal choices regarding a vaccination. There is also little proof that these passports would be fully effective since the virus can be asymptomatic and takes several days for symptoms to appear at all. Many health professionals claim that the technology lacks scientific evidence, and is unnecessary, at best.
Several countries are still considering implementing COVID-19 immunity passports, despite the many arguments against the documents. The technology would be optional, in most cases, with people choosing whether or not to disclose their personal coronavirus-related information.
An International Affair
The passports and affiliated documents would likely be stored on a mobile app. Users could update and access information from their phones or tablets, allowing for easy proof of immunization and negative test results. Countries that choose to accept the documents would likely offer lightened travel restrictions to those with these immunity passports.
In early December, there was talk in the United Kingdom regarding only allowing those with immunity passports to enter public establishments like pubs, sports stadiums, and movie theaters. These rumors were quickly dispelled by Cabinet Office Minister Michael Gove, who reassured British citizens that, although individual businesses will ultimately have authority to admit or refuse customers as they see fit, there will be no federal mandate enforcing the use of COVID-19 immunity passports or requiring Brits to receive coronavirus vaccines.
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